In vitro plant regeneration from immature zygotic embryos and repetitive somatic embryogenesis in kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes)
Vinterhalter, Branka S.
Vinterhalter, Dragan V
Cingel, Aleksandar D.
Savić, Jelena M.
Ninković, Slavica B.
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A simple and efficient protocol for direct somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of kohlrabi (Brassica oleracea var. gongylodes) was developed. Somatic embryos were induced from immature zygotic embryos at different developmental stages cultured on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 0, 0.5, 1.0, or 1.5 mg/l 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. Zygotic embryos at the early cotyledonary stage, which were cultured for 4 wk on plant growth regulator-free (PGR-free) medium, displayed the highest percentage of somatic embryogenesis (80.7%). Embryogenic tissue could be subcultured on the same medium for over 1 yr. Embryogenic lines derived from early cotyledonary stage zygotic embryos displayed the highest intensity of secondary embryogenesis (highest mean number of new somatic embryos per responsive somatic embryo explant). Histological analyses confirmed the direct origin of the secondary somatic embryos. Prolonged culturing of embryogenic tissue on PGR-free medium led to somatic embryo development into plantlets that were successfully acclimated in the greenhouse with a survival rate of 72.5%. Flow cytometry analysis showed no ploidy variation in 96.7% of the acclimated plants.
Извор:In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant, 2013, 49, 3, 229-303