Cytotoxic activity of ethanol extracts of in vitro grown Cistus creticus subsp creticus L. on human cancer cell lines
Todorović, Slađana I
Gligorijević, Nevenka N
Janković, Radmila N
Zivković, Suzana T
Ristić, Mihailo S.
Radulović, Sinisa S
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Cistus creticus subsp. creticus is a native plant of the Mediterranean region and it has been used since ancient times for its medicinal properties. The leaves secrete labdane type diterpenes that exhibit considerable antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. However there are no data about implementation of in vitro culture of C. creticus in order to obtain applicable production of labdane diterpenes. We successfully established in vitro culture of shoots and roots on solid or liquid MS (Murashige and Skoog) medium without addition of plant growth regulators. GC/FID and GC/MS detections were used to carry out characterization of ethanol extracts of shoots and roots from in vitro culture. Labdane diterpenes were the most abundant compounds in shoot extract, but absent from the root extract. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of C. cretins shoot and root ethanol extracts were also determined. In order to evaluate possible cytotoxic activity of extracts, sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay was performed on five human cancer cell lines. Only shoot extract had cytotoxic activity on HeLa (cervix), MDA-MB-453 (breast) and FemX (melanoma) cancer cells with IC50 reaching 80.83 mu g/ml (HeLa), 76.18 mu g/ml (MDA-MB-453), and 87.52 mu g/ml (FemX) respectively. This is the first report of cytotoxic effect of labdane diterpenes from Cistus on HeLa cells. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Извор:Industrial Crops and Products, 2012, 38, null, -159