Systemic immunomodulatory effects of topical dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) in rats. Activity of peripheral blood polymorphonuclear cells
Popov, Aleksandra D.
Zolotarevski, Lidija D
Kataranovski, Dragan S.
Kataranovski, Milena V.
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Topical application of dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) is employed in the immunotherapy of skin diseases. Activation of T-cell mediated immune responses (Th1/type1) is the supposed mechanism of the clinical effect of DNCB, but there are no data concerning innate/inflammatory mechanisms. In this study, the effect of repeated topical DNCB application on peripheral blood polymorphonuclear (PMN) leukocytes has been examined in two rat strains which differ in the propensity to mount Th1/type1 or Th2/type2 responses. The dynamics of changes in PMN numbers and effector activities (respiratory burst, nitric oxide production and myeloperoxidase content), as well as in adhesion and TNF-alpha production following the rat skin sensitization with low (0.4%) and high (4%) DNCB doses were measured. Both priming and activation of PMNs were observed following skin sensitization with DNCB, with dose-dependent as well as time-dependent differences in some PMN activities. Obtained data might be relevant for understanding the immune mechanisms of topical DNCB therapy. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V.