Effects of genistein on gonadotropic cells in immature female rats
Authors:Medigović, Ivana M.
Zikić, Dragan R
Article (Published version)
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The effects of genistein on pituitary gonadotropic cells of immature female rats were examined and compared to actions of the synthetic estrogen, 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol. Immature female rats received 50 mg/kg/bw of genistein in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) subcutaneously (s.c.) daily for 3 days at 18, 19 and 20 days of age. A second group was injected with 1 mu g/kg of 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol in olive oil in the same schedule. The genistein control group received DMSO only, while 17 alpha-ethynylestradiol controls were given sterile olive oil only. Changes in cell number per mm(2), cell volume and volume density of follicle-stimulating (FSH) and luteinizing (LH) immunolabeled cells were evaluated by morphometry and stereology. Genistein induced significant increases in the number of FSH cells (by 21%) and LH cells (by 20%) per mm(2) compared to corresponding controls. Volumes of FSH and LH cells were significantly increased by 19.7% and 20% and their volume densities by 20% and 20.2%, respectively. Estradiol markedly affected gonadotropes in the same manner, but to a greater extent. It can be concluded that genistein acted as an estrogenic agonist in the pituitaries of immature female rats, and as such, stimulated gonadotropic cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.