Embryogenic responses of Beta vulgaris L. callus induced from transgenic hairy roots
Аутори:Ninković, Slavica B.
Vinterhalter, Branka S.
Cingel, Aleksandar D.
Savić, Jelena M.
Radović, Svetlana R
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Agrobacterium rhizogenes A4M70GUS-mediated transformation of two local breeding lines of sugar beet was obtained using 4-week-old seedlings. Root formation efficiency was 61.54% for SBa genotype and 36.36% for SBb genotype. Five highly proliferated hairy root lines have been established in liquid hormone-free MS medium. Transgenic nature of the hairy root clones was evaluated by GUS assay, PCR and RT-PCR analyses. Hairy root-derived calli were induced using different plant growth regulators (PGRs): auxin, auxin/cytokinin and cytokinin. The best callus induction response was achieved on MS medium containing both 1 mg/l 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and 1 mg/l thidiazuron (TDZ). Globular embryo-like structures were observed in friable callus after its prolonged cultivation on MS medium supplemented with TDZ and giberellic acid (GA(3)) at 1 mg/l each, followed by growth on MS medium containing 1% glucose and 0.5 mg/l 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid (TIBA). Histological analysis revealed somatic embryos at different stages of development in hairy root-derived callus of sugar beet.