Hairy roots formation in recalcitrant-to-transform plant Chenopodium rubrum
Zdravković-Korać, Snežana R.
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Susceptibility of C. rubrum to Agrobacterium-mediated transformation was demonstrated by inoculating the petioles of in vitro grown plants with A. rhizogenes strain A4M70GUS. Hairy roots were produced in 8 % of explants. They were isolated and maintained on plant growth regulator-free solid or liquid half-strength Murashige and Skoog medium for two years. Hairy root fresh mass increased 30 - 90 folds when grown in liquid medium, which was superior to solid medium, where most of the hairy roots produced calli. When these calli were grown on medium supplemented with 0.5 mg dm-3 thidiazuron, embryo-like structures were obtained. Transgenic status of long-term callus and hairy root cultures was confirmed by histochemical GUS assay, by PCR specific to the uidA, rolA&B and ags genes and by Southern hybridization.