Nickel tolerance and hyperaccumulation in shoot cultures regenerated from hairy root cultures of Alyssum murale Waldst et Kit
Authors:Vinterhalter, Branka S.
Savić, Jelena M.
Ninković, Slavica B.
Mitić, Nevena V.
Vinterhalter, Dragan V
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Shoot cultures of nickel hyperaccumulating Alyssum murale were established from epicotyl explants of seedlings aseptically germinated on hormone-free MS medium. They were further maintained on media with 0-0.92 mu M kinetin. Optimal shoot multiplication was at 0.46 mu M kinetin. Inoculation by shoot wounding was performed with overnight suspension of A. rhizogenes A4M70GUS which contains GUS gene cointegrated in pRiA4. After 30 days hairy roots were produced at the wounding site in 31 explant (25% out of 124). Hairy roots were excised and further propagated on hormone-free medium as separate clones. In the first passage clones 3 and 6 could be distinguished by fast growth and spontaneous shoot regeneration. In other clones (12, 23 and 25) shoot regeneration required presence of cytokinins. The five shoot culture clones regenerated from hairy roots were further cultured on media with 0.46 mu M kinetin. These shoots were characterized by good elongation and lateral shoot branching, short internodes, minute slightly curled leaves and well developed plagiotropic root system spreading over the surface of media. Thus all plants regenerated from hairy root cultures manifested the characteristic Ri syndrome phenotype. They all had a strong positive GUS reaction. PCR analysis confirmed presence of uidA sequence from the gus construct. They were also tolerant to nickel accumulating up to 24,700 mu g g(-1) dry weight.