The mechanisms of 6-hydroxydopamineInduced astrocyte death
Mladenović Đorđević, Aleksandra
Trajković, Vladimir S
Conference object (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
Treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine significantly reduced the viability of cultured rat primary astrocytes, rat astrocytoma cell line C6, and human astrocytoma cell line U251. 6-Hydroxydopamine-treated astrocytes exhibited altered nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and reduced intracellular esterase activity, which indicated apoptotic cell death. Astrocytes were protected by neutralization of 6-hydroxydopamine autooxidation products H2O2, O-2, and -OH, but not by cell-derived or chemically generated anti-apoptotic free radical nitric oxide. Finally, 6-hydroxydopamine activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase in astrocytes and selective inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation partially prevented astrocyte death. Taken together, these data indicate that 6-hydroxydopamine-triggered oxidative stress induces extracellular signal-regulated kinase-dependent apoptotic death of astrocytes.