Multiple dexamethasone treatment affects morphometric parameters of gonadotrophic cells in adult female rats
Sekulić, Milka I.
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Exposure to glucocorticoids leads to numerous changes in various biological systems including the reproductive system. The aim of the present work was to find out whether dexamethasone (Dx) treatment of adult female rats would influence the histological and morphometric characteristics of the pituitary gonadotrophic cells (luteinizing - LH cells and follicle stimulating - FSH cells). One group of female Wistar rats received Dx injections on three consecutive days in doses 1.0, 0.5 and 0.5 mg/kg b.w. respectively, while the control rats were treated with equivalent volumes of saline. Experimental and control animals were sacrificed 24 h and 72 h after the last injection. The peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) immunocytochemical procedure was used to study the LH and FSH cells. The stereological and morphometric analyses showed that multiple Dx treatments of female rats significantly decreased the volume of LH cells and the volume of their nuclei 24 h and 72 h after the last Dx injection in comparison with control values. At 24 h after Dx treatment, the volume density of LH cells was significantly increased, but at 72 h differences between the experimental and control groups were insignificant. The increase in number of LH cells per unit area (mm(2)) was significant at both timepoints (24 h and 72 h). Stereologic and morphometric characteristics of FSH cells was changed after Dx treatment in the same manner as that of LH cells, except for the volume density, where a significant increase was established 24 h and 72 h after the last Dx application. These results clearly demonstrate that 24 h and 72 h after the last of three Dx injections there were changes in the immunocytochemical and morphometric features of gonadotrophic cells.