Effect of nitric oxide - releasing compounds on phytochrome - controlled germination of Empress tree seeds
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Using different nitric oxide releasing compounds and appropriate controls we have obtained data strongly suggesting the involvement of nitric oxide in the phytochrome controlled germination of Paulownia tomentosa seeds. Direct detection of nitric oxide, under various experimental conditions, was performed by a spin-trapping technique combined with electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The addition of methylene blue prevented light-induced and NO donors-potentiated germination of P. tomentosa seeds. This inhibition could be completely overcome by addition of gibberellin. The promotive effect of nitrite was pH dependent, maximally pronounced at the pH range where nitrite undergoes dismutation and liberates nitric oxide. Under these conditions, nitrite exerted its efficacy at the same concentrations at which nitric oxide releasing compounds such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP), S-nitroso acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), and 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1), were the most effective. Likewise, the potentiation of P. tomentosa seed germination could be achieved by chemical reduction of nitrite with Na2S2O4 during which liberation of nitric oxide could be detected.