Effects of somatostatins on gonadotrophic cells in female rats
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The effects of intracerebroventricular application of SRIF-14 and SRIF-28 on pituitary gonadotrophic cells (FSH and LH) were examined using immunocytochemical and morphometrical methods in adult female Wistar rats. FSH- and LH-producing cells were studied using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) immunohistochemical procedure. Morphometry and stereology were used to evaluate changes in the number, volume densities and relative volume densities of LH- and FSH-immunopositive cells. In females treated with SRIF-14 or SRIF-28, the gonadotrophs were smaller, often pycnotic and more intensely stained. The number of LH-positive cells per unit area (mm(2)) was significantly decreased in both somatostatin-treated groups, while the number of FSH-positive cells was similar to that in the controls. Volume densities of perykarya of LH- and FSH-positive cells were decreased in all treated females, but extremely different in LH-positive cells after SRIF-14 administration. The relative volume density of LH cells was significantly decreased in both somatostatin-treated groups, while immunopositive FSH cells were not significantly decreased compared with the controls. It can be concluded that centrally applied somatostatins lead to changes in the immunocytochemical and morphometric properties of LH cells, while there is no significant effect on FSH cells.