Cerebellar Nonmotor Functions - Approaches and Significance
The cerebellum is involved in the control of motor and nonmotor functions. Refined and innovative experimental and clinical approaches, starting from anatomy and including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), have allowed researchers to store extensive information on the cerebellar contributions to motor control and also helped them to understanding cerebellar nonmotor functions. Does the cerebellum process exclusively cerebral information related to certain specificactions, or does it also process some forms of information independent of such relation? At present, researchers are close to evaluating how the cerebellum is active during resolution of cognitive tasks. Various therapy lines in perspective, from cerebellar stimulation to cerbellar grafts and artificial cerebellum, are of particular significance, as they can restore lost brain functions in animal models and repair in sufficient brain processes in patients.
Keywords:cerebellum; motor and nonmotor functions; experimental approaches; emotions; cognitive tasks; therapy
Neurophysiology (2015), 47(4): 337-347