Predictors of Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Interrelationship of Dyslipidemia and Arterial Blood Pressure
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Background. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) could develop subclinical atherosclerosis during life. Purpose. To analyze cardiovascular risk (CVR) factors and their relation to clinical markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in respect to their age. Material and Methods. One hundred women with PCOS (26.32 +/- 5.26 years, BMI: 24.98 +/- 6.38 kg/m(2)) were compared to 50 respective controls. In all subjects, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, LDL-C, triglycerides, TC/HDL-C and TG/HDL-C ratios, glucose, insulin and HOMA index, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP, resp.), and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) were analyzed in respect to their age and level of androgens. Results. PCOS over 30 years had higher WHR (P = 0.008), SBP (P < 0.001), DBP (P < 0.001), TC (P = 0.028), HDL-C (P = 0.028), LDL-C (P = 0.045), triglycerides (P < 0.001), TC/HDL-C (P < 0.001), and triglycerides/HDL-C (P < 0.001) and had more prevalent hypertension and pronounced CIMT on common carotid arteries even after adjustment for BMI (P = 0.005 and 0.036, resp.). TC/ HDL-C and TG/HDL-C were higher in PCOS with the highest quintile of FAI in comparison to those with lower FAI (P = 0.045 and 0.034, resp.). Conclusions. PCOS women older than 30 years irrespective of BMI have the potential for early atherosclerosismirrored through the elevated lipids/lipid ratios and through changes in blood pressure.