Izolacija i funkcionalna karakterizacija gena uključenih u sintezu karnozinske kiseline
Isolation and functional characterization of the genes involved in the synthesis of carnosic acid.
Doctoral thesis (Published version)
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Carnosic acid is a phenolic diterpene potentially highly significant for the pharmaceutical industry, due to its numerous biological activities. Cretan sage (Salvia fruticosa Mill.) and Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) are rich natural sources of this compound. Although the structure and biological activities of carnosic acid are widely known, its biosynthetic pathway in plants remains unexplored. The main aim of the dissertation was to investigate the carnosic acid biosynthesis at the molecular level, by isolating and functionally characterizing the genes involved in this process. For that purpose, the existing Cretan sage trichome cDNA library has been analyzed, which has resulted in the identification of two putative diterpene synthase genes, named SfCPS and SfKSL. The candidate genes were isolated and functionally characterized in Escherichia coli Mig., yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae Meyen ex E. C. Hansen) and Nicotiana benthamiana Domin. Heterologous expression of SfCPS and SfKSL genes has resulted in the synthesis of miltiradiene, which has been confirmed by GC-MS analysis and 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy (1H, 13C, DEPT, COSY H-H, HMQC и HMBC). In order to retrieve the remaining genes responsible for the biosynthesis of carnosic acid, the glandular trichomes of Cretan sage and Rosemary have been sequenced using 454 GS FLX Titanium platform. Based on the results of the LC-PDA-LTQ-Orbitrap FTMS phytochemical analysis, glandular trichomes of Cretan sage young leaves (genotype Kavoussi) exposed to mild stress, and glandular trichomes on the Rosemary leaves of the younger developmental stage (commercial genotype B&T World Seeds), were chosen for the transcriptome analysis...
Keywords:Salvia fruticosa; Rosmarinus officinalis; Carnosic acid; Miltiradiene; Ferruginol; Phenolic diterpenes; Gene characterization; Diterpene synthases; Cytochrome p450 monooxygenases
Source:University of Belgrade, Faculty of Biology, 2014, 1-216
- Plant Terpenoids for Human Health: a chemical and genomic approach to identify and produce bioactive compounds (EU-227448)