Beneficial effects of α-lipoic acid in diabetes- and drug- induced liver injury
Arambašić Jovanović, Jelena
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This review summarizes the effects of α-lipoic acid (LA) on liver damage and complications in diabetes and drug toxicity. LA is a naturally occurring dithiol compound that plays an essential role in mitochondrial metabolism in its protein-bound form. In contrast, free LA in supplements has diverse biological actions, and its antioxidant effect is its most studied and important activity. Due to its strong antioxidant potential, LA could have a promising role in the treatment of pathologies resulting from an imbalance in redox homeostasis. This includes diabetes, which produces deleterious effects on many organs, including the liver. In diabetes specifically, LA prevents β-cell destruction, enhances glucose uptake, and its antioxidant effects may be particularly useful in slowing down the development of diabetic complications. Diabetes-related liver damage is a serious complication in which oxidative stress is the main contributor to tissue injury. Oxidative stress is regarded as one of the main pathological mechanisms underlying liver pathologies provoked by other insults, such as drug toxicity, where LA could also be a useful agent in therapeutic intervention. However, before wider application of LA in a clinical setting, experimental and clinical research needs to be extended.
Keywords:α-lipoic acid; Diabetic complications; Liver injury; Oxidative stress; Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; Drug toxicity
Source:Archives of Biological Sciences, 2018, 70, 4, 621-628
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