Sleep spindle dynamics during NREM and REM sleep following distinct general anaesthesia in control rats and in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease cholinopathy
Article (Accepted Version)
© 2018 European Sleep Research Society
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On the basis of our previous studies and the important role of the thalamo-cortical network in states of unconsciousness, such as anaesthesia and sleep, and in sleep spindles generation, we investigated sleep spindles (SS) and high-voltage sleep spindle (HVS) dynamics during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep following different types of general anaesthesia in both physiological controls and in a rat model of Parkinson's disease (PD) cholinopathy, to follow the impact of anaesthesia on post-anaesthesia sleep at the thalamo-cortical level through an altered sleep spindle dynamics. We recorded 6 hr of spontaneous sleep in all rats, both before and 48 hr after ketamine/diazepam or pentobarbital anaesthesia, and we used 1 hr of NREM or REM sleep from each to validate visually the automatically detected SS or HVS for their extraction and analysis. In the controls, SS occurred mainly during NREM, whereas HVS occurred only during REM sleep. Ketamine/diazepam anaesthesia promoted HVS, prolonged SS during NREM, induced HVS of increased frequency during REM, and increased SS/HVS densities during REM versus NREM sleep. Pentobarbital anaesthesia decreased the frequency of SS during NREM and the HVS density during REM sleep. Although the pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus lesion prolonged SS only during NREM sleep, in these rats, ketamine/diazepam anaesthesia suppressed HVS during both sleep states, whereas pentobarbital anaesthesia promoted HVS during REM sleep. The different impacts of two anaesthetic regimens on the thalamo-cortical regulatory network are expressed through their distinct sleep spindle generation and dynamics that are dependent on the NREM and REM state regulatory neuronal substrate.
Keywords:High voltage sleep spindles; Ketamine/diazepam; Pentobarbital; Post-anaesthesia NREM sleep; Post-anaesthesia REM sleep; Sleep spindles
Source:Journal of Sleep Research, 2018
- Neurobiology of sleep in aging and disease - electroencephalographic markers and modeling in the estimation of disorder (RS-173022)
APA:Lazic, K., Ciric, J., & Saponjic, J. (2018). Sleep spindle dynamics during NREM and REM sleep following distinct general anaesthesia in control rats and in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease cholinopathy. Journal of Sleep Research, DOI:10.1111/jsr.12758.
Vancouver:Lazic K, Ciric J, Saponjic J. Sleep spindle dynamics during NREM and REM sleep following distinct general anaesthesia in control rats and in a rat model of Parkinson’s disease cholinopathy. J Sleep Res. 2018;DOI:10.1111/jsr.12758.
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