Organ-specific and genotype-dependent constitutive biosynthesis of secoiridoid glucosides in Centaurium erythraea Rafn, and its elicitation with methyl jasmonate.
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
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While bioactive properties of Centaurium erythraea Rafn secoiridoid glucosides (SG) are widely recognized, many aspects related to their biochemistry, metabolism and relationship to the overall plant physiology are not yet understood. Here we present for the first time an insight into the molecular background of organ-specific and genotype-dependent constitutive biosynthesis of secoiridoids in C. erythraea, by comparing chemical profiles and secoiridoid glucosides-related gene expression. Genes encoding enzymes for intermediate steps of secoiridoids biosynthesis up to secologanin have been identified by analysing transcriptomic data from C. erythraea leaves. Results suggest an organ-specific capacity for the production and accumulation of secoiridoid glucosides, and highlight leaves as the main biosynthesis site. They also point out that significant differences in SG content among various C. erythraea genotypes, are, at least partially, determined by different expression patterns of SG-related genes. The biosynthesis of SG in C. erythraea leaves is enhanced upon treatments with methyl jasmonate (MeJA), which causes reprogramming of SG-related gene expression, leading to an increased production of valuable bioactive compounds. The present study unveiled several rate-limiting genes (encoding GES, G8O, 8HGO, IS and 7DLGT) in SG biosynthesis. SLS and CPR are highlighted as important genes/enzymes that might regulate biosynthetic flux through SG pathway. Information gathered within this study will help us gain deeper insight into the SG metabolism and develop strategies for enhanced biosynthesis of specific secoiridoid glucosides in homologous or heterologous systems.
Keywords:Centaurium erythraea Rafn; Centaury; Gentianaceae; Methyl jasmonate; Secoiridoid pathway regulation; Secoiridoids
Source:Phytochemistry, 2018, 155, 69-82
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