Early Impairments of Hippocampal Neurogenesis in 5xFAD Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease Are Associated with Altered Expression of SOXB Transcription Factors.
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© 2018 - IOS Press and the authors
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Dysregulation of neurogenesis in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampal dentate gyrus has been related to cognitive deficits and memory loss in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Members of the B group of SOX transcription factors play critical roles in regulating neurogenesis in the embryonic and adult nervous system, including maintaining the multipotency, renewal, and cell fate decision of neural stem/progenitor cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression patterns of selected SOXB proteins in the SGZ, of 8-week-old male and female 5xFAD mice, which represent a transgenic model of AD with a severe and very early development of amyloid pathology. Immunohistochemical analysis showed a significant decrease in the number of cells expressing SOX1, SOX2, and SOX21 transcription factors within the SGZ of 5xFAD mice in comparison to their non-transgenic counterparts which coincidences with reduced number of doublecortin immunoreactive immature neurons found in Tg males. Despite observed changes in expressional pattern of examined SOXB proteins, the proliferative capacity evaluated by the number of Ki-67 immunoreactive cells remained unaffected in transgenic mice of both genders. Based on our results, we suggest that SOXB proteins might be considered as new biomarkers for the detection of early impairments in adult neurogenesis in different animal models or/and new targets in human regenerative medicine.
Keywords:Amyloid plaque; SOXB1; SOXB2 5xFAD; Dementia; Familial Alzheimer’s disease; Neural differentiation; Neurogenesis; Transcription factor
Source:Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD, 2018, 65, 3, 963-976
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- Studying signal transduction pathways and epigenetic mechanisms that control human SOX genes expression: further insight into their roles in cell fate determination and differentiation (RS-173051)
- NIH R03AG046216
- "MedSAP Research Network" project by U.S. Embassy in Belgrade SRB100-15-GR-355