Effect of fluoranthene on antioxidative defense in different tissues of Lymantria dispar and Euproctis chrysorrhoea larvae.
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© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
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This study examined the effect of long-term exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of dietary fluoranthene (6.7 and 67 ng / g dry food weight) on defense mechanisms of the polyphagous forest insects Lymantria dispar L. and Euproctis chrysorrhoea L. The activities and expression of isoforms of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), the activities of glutathione S-transferase (GST) and glutathione reductase (GR), and total glutathione content (GSH) were determined in the whole midgut and midgut tissue, while SOD and CAT activities were assessed in hemolymph of the larvae. The results showed significant changes of enzyme activities, with more pronounced responses in larval midgut tissues, and between-species differences in patterns of response. Significantly increased activity of SOD was recorded in the whole midgut and midgut tissue of L. dispar larvae, as well as in midgut tissue of E. chrysorrhoea larvae. Fluoranthene increased CAT activity in midgut tissue of L. dispar larvae, and in the whole midgut and midgut tissue of E. chrysorrhoea larvae. Different expression patterns were detected for enzyme isoforms in tissues of larvae exposed to dietary fluoranthene. Total GSH content and GST activity increased in E. chrysorrhoea larval midgut tissue. Significantly decreased SOD activity in hemolymph of L. dispar larvae, and opposite changes in CAT activity were recorded in the hemolymph of larvae of two insect species. The tissue-specific responses of enzymes to dietary fluoranthene, recorded in each species, enabled the larvae to overcome the pollutant induced oxidative stress, and suggest further assessment of their possible use as early-warning signals of environmental pollution.
Keywords:Antioxidative enzymes; Euproctis chrysorrhoea L; Fluoranthene; Hemolymph; Lymantria dispar L.; Midgut; Oxidative stress
Source:Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology, 2019, 224, 108565-
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