Motivation, risk-taking and sensation seeking behavior in propofol anesthesia exposed peripubertal rats.
Article (Published version)
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
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Adolescent neurodevelopment confer vulnerability to the actions of treatments that produce adaptations in neurocircuitry underlying motivation, impulsivity and reward. Considering wide usage of a sedative-hypnotic agent propofol in clinical practice, we examined whether propofol is a challenging treatment for peripubertal brain. Motivation/hedonic behavior (sucrose preference test), approach/avoidance behavior (elevated plus maze test) and response to dissociative drug phencyclidine (PCP) were studied in peripubertal rats (the rodent model of periadolescence) after propofol anesthesia exposure (PAE). Neurodegeneration (Fluoro-Jade staining) and the expression of proteins (Western blot) involved in excitatory synaptic transmission and activity-dependent synaptic stabilization in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and striatum (components of motivation/reward circuitry; process both appetitive and aversive events) were examined as well. In peripubertal rats PAE produced 1) transient brain-region specific changes in the expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunits NR2A and NR2B, PSD-95 and N-cadherin, without neurotoxicity, 2) hyperlocomotor response to PCP, 3) no changes in preference for palatable 1% sucrose solution and a decrease in food eaten, 4) preference for 20% sucrose solution without changes in food eaten, 5) stretch-attended postures and open arms entries in the elevated plus maze test. Overall, these novel findings show that PAE leaves transient synaptic trace recognized as early form of synaptic plasticity related to passive drug exposure in the brain systems implicated in motivation/reward, increases drug-responsiveness, favors risk-taking and preference of novel/intense stimuli repairing otherwise present motivational deficiency. These findings accentuate multifaceted response to propofol in peripuberty and the importance of environmental stability for the most favorable neurobehavioral recovery.
Keywords:Adolescence; Elevated plus maze; Food consumption; NMDA; Sucrose preference
Source:Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 2019, 96, 109733-