Infusions of Herbal Blends as Promising Sources of Phenolic Compounds and Bioactive Properties
Authors:Finimundy, Tiane C.
Dias, Maria Inês
Calhelha, Ricardo C.
Carvalho, Ana Maria
Ferreira, Isabel C. F. R.
Article (Published version)
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Several plants have been used for medicinal applications and have been traditionally consumed as decoctions and infusions. Although some herbs are used alone as a beverage, they are often blended in mixtures to maximize their effects. Herein, the nutritional characterization of six infusions from herbal blends was evaluated using the official methods of analysis (AOAC international). A further characterization of the individual phenolic profile was also performed by HPLC-DAD/ESI-MSn, and finally bioactive potential was determined by evaluating the antioxidant, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial activities of each blend. The wide variety of plants in each sample led to variability in the results for all analyzed parameters. However, blends containing 15% Laurus nobilis L. and 15% Juglan regia L. in their composition showed higher sugar content and energy contribution; higher concentration of phenolic compounds (phenolic acids and flavonoids); greater antioxidant, cytotoxic, and anti-inflammatory capacity; and also better antimicrobial effects against all the tested bacterial and fungal strains. Further studies will be necessary to evaluate the real synergistic effects that these two species show in the presence of other plants, and to evaluate their potential for application in various food, pharmaceutical, and nutraceutical products as infusion preparations.
Keywords:HPLC-DAD/ESI-MSn; Bioactive properties; Herbal blends; Nutritional profile; Phenolic compounds
Source:Molecules, 2020, 25, 9, 2151-