Procene i upravljanje rizicima kod genetički modifikovanih poljoprivrednih kultura
Risk assessment and risk management in GM crops
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In this work we present current situation in the field of risk assessment (RA) and risk management (RM) of GM crops that can be used as food or feed. Existing definitions of GMO (Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, EU directives, Codex Allimentarius) and their applicability to some of the new breeding techniques are discussed. Latest developments in RA and RM methodology by various bodies and organizations (FAO UN, EU, SCBD Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group and others) are also addressed. Current situation in Serbia is evaluated on the basis of experience from biosafety capacity building programs and projects realized in Serbia, and experience from work of Serbian Expert Council for Biosafety - expert body that evaluates RA and RM presented in dossiers and applications for different uses of GMO. Special emphasis is given on the analysis of current situation with GMO legislation in Serbia (changed in 2009 in Parliament without expert participation) that is in its present state at the same time both unsafe and more restrictive then EU regulations.