Enhanced prereceptor glucocorticoid metabolism and lipogenesis impair insulin signaling in the liver of fructose-fed rats
Аутори:Vasiljević, Ana D
Bursać, Biljana N.
Đorđević, Ana D.
Vojnović-Milutinović, Danijela D.
Nestorović, Nataša M.
Matić, Gordana M.
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Overconsumption of fructose, as a highly lipogenic sugar, may profoundly affect hepatic metabolism and has been associated with many components of the metabolic syndrome, particularly with insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. In this study, we proposed that high fructose diet may enhance lipogenesis and decrease insulin sensitivity in the liver through dysregulation of glucocorticoid signaling. Therefore, we examined the effects of long-term consumption of 10% fructose solution on triglyceridemia, liver histology and intracellular corticosterone level, as well as on 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11 beta HSD1) and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH) mRNA and protein levels in the rat liver. Glucocorticoid action was assessed by glucocorticoid receptor (GR) expression and intracellular redistribution. We also analyzed the expression of enzymes involved in gluconeogenesis and lipogenesis, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) and lipin-1. The results have shown that fructose-rich diet led to increase in 11 beta HSD1 and H6PDH protein levels, while hepatic corticosterone concentration remained unchanged. Concomitantly, GR was increasingly accumulated in the cytoplasm, whereas its nuclear level was unchanged and accompanied by diminished PEPCK mRNA level. Elevation of lipin-1 in the liver microsomes suggested that fructose diet led to an increase in lipogenesis and consequently to hypertriglyceridemia. The observed increase of insulin receptor supstrate-1 phosphorylation on Ser(307) represents a hallmark of impaired insulin signaling in the liver of fructose-fed rat and probably is a consequence of the alterations in 11 beta HSD1 and lipin-1 levels. Overall, our findings suggest that fructose-rich diet may perturb hepatic prereceptor glucocorticoid metabolism and lipogenesis, resulting in hypertriglyceridemia and attenuated hepatic insulin sensitivity. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.