Effects of subacute oral warfarin administration on peripheral blood granulocytes in rats
Popov, Aleksandra D.
Subota, Vesna S
Timotijević, Gordana S
Kataranovski, Dragan S.
Article (Published version)
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Warfarin affects mainly vitamin K dependent (VKD) processes, but the effects on some non-VKD-related activities such as tumor growth inhibition and mononuclear cell-mediated immune reactions were shown as well. In this study, the effect of subchronic (30 days) oral warfarin (0.35 mg/l and 3.5 mg/l) intake on peripheral blood granulocytes in rats was investigated. Increase in prothrombin and partial thromboplastin time at high warfarin dose reflected its basic activity. Priming effect for respiratory burst was noted at both warfarin doses, while only high warfarin dose resulted in priming for adhesion, the rise in intracellular myeloperoxidase content/release and stimulation of nitric oxide production. Differential effects of high warfarin dose were noted on granulocyte cytokines IL-6 (lack of the effect), TNF-alpha (decreased release and mRNA expression) and IL-12 (increase in mRNA for IL-12 subunits p35 and p40). Changes in granulocytes seems not to rely on mitogen activated kinases p38 and ERK. Warfarin intake was associated with an increase in circulating IL-6, fibrinogen and haptoglobin and with changes in the activity of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase. The effects of oral warfarin intake on peripheral blood granulocytes demonstrated in this study might be relevant for oral anticoagulant therapy strategies in humans. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Source:Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2012, 50, 5, -1507