Efekat antagonista glutamata na stvaranje azot oksida u mozgu pacova
Effect of glutamate antagonists on nitric oxide production in rat brain following intrahippocampal injection
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Stimulation of glutamate receptors induces neuronal nitric oxide (NO) release, which in turn modulates glutamate transmission. The involvement of ionotropic glutamate NMDA and AMPA/kainate receptors in induction of NO production in the rat brain was examined after injection of kainate, a non-NMDA receptor agonist; kainate plus 6-cyano- 7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), a selective AMPA/kainate receptor antagonist; or kainate plus 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (APV), a selective NMDA receptor antagonist. Competitive glutamate receptor antagonists were injected with kainate unilaterally into the CA3 region of the rat hippocampus. The accumulation of nitrite, the stable metabolite of NO, was measured by the Griess reaction at different times (5 min, 15 min, 2 h, 48 h, and 7 days) in hippocampus, forebrain cortex, striatum, and cerebellum homogenates. The used glutamate antagonists APV and CNQX both provided sufficient neuroprotection in the sense of reducing nitrite concentrations, but with different mechanisms and time dynamics. Our findings suggest that NMDA and AMPA/kainate receptors are differentially involved in nitric oxide production.
Keywords:APV; APV; CNQX; CNQX; ekscitotoksičnost; excitotoxicity; kainat; kainate; neuroprotection; neuroprotekcija; oksidativni stress; oxidative stress; nitrite; nitrite; NO; NO
Source:Archives of Biological Sciences, 2007, 59, 1, 29-36