The mechanisms of 6-hydroxydopamineInduced astrocyte death
Mladenović Đorđević, Aleksandra
Trajković, Vladimir S
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Treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine significantly reduced the viability of cultured rat primary astrocytes, rat astrocytoma cell line C6, and human astrocytoma cell line U251. 6-Hydroxydopamine-treated astrocytes exhibited altered nuclear morphology, DNA fragmentation, and reduced intracellular esterase activity, which indicated apoptotic cell death. Astrocytes were protected by neutralization of 6-hydroxydopamine autooxidation products H2O2, O-2, and -OH, but not by cell-derived or chemically generated anti-apoptotic free radical nitric oxide. Finally, 6-hydroxydopamine activated extracellular signal-regulated kinase in astrocytes and selective inhibitor of extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation partially prevented astrocyte death. Taken together, these data indicate that 6-hydroxydopamine-triggered oxidative stress induces extracellular signal-regulated kinase-dependent apoptotic death of astrocytes.
Source:Biophysics from Molecules to Brain: in Memory of Radoslav K. Andjus, 2005, 1048, null, -405