Uticaj promenljivog magnetnog polja na motorno ponašanje pacova u laboratorijskim uslovima
Effect of an alternating magnetic field on motor behaviour of rats in laboratory conditions
Doctoral thesis (Published version)
MetadataShow full item record
Numerous studies have shown that alternating magnetic fields of extremely low frequency (ELF-MF) affect motor behaviour of experimental animals and humans, but the connections between changes in neurotransmitter systems involved in motor control and changes in behaviour are not yet completely explained.The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of acute (1, 3, and 7 days) and chronic (from conception to about 3 months old) exposure to ELF-MF (50 Hz, 0.5 mT) on different parameters of motor behaviour (locomotion, stereotypy, rearing, and rotations) of adult Wistar rats. Dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the striatum and serotonin 5-HT2A receptors in the prefrontal cortex, as well as concentrations of nucleotides (IMP, cAMP, ATP, and GTP) in the cerebral cortex and striatum of these animals were also analysed.Results concerning the acute ELF-MF effects reveal: (1) increased locomotion and stereotypy (1 day), and decreased rearing of animals (1, 3 and 7 days), (2) decreased locomotion and stereotypy (3 and 7 days), as well as rotations of animals (7 days) induced by application of dopaminergic agonist amphetamine (AMPH, 1.5 mg/kg, i.p.), (3) decreased affinity and increased density of 5-HT2A receptors (1, 3 and 7 days), and (4) reduced cAMP (3 and 7 days) and IMP content (7 days), as well as stimulated ATP production (1 and 3 days) in the cerebral cortex. Chronic ELF-MF exposure: (1) enhances motor activity of animals, (2) decreases AMPH-induced rearing of animals, (3) increases D1 receptors affinity and decreases 5-HT2A receptors affinity, and (4) increases cAMP concentrations in the cerebral cortex and striatum.It can be concluded that an external ELF-MF modulates motor activity of experimental animals by direct and/or indirect influence on synaptic neurotransmission in the cerebral cortex and striatum, whereby the character of these changes depends on the duration of ELF-MF exposure.
Keywords:Alternating MF; Motor behaviour; AMPH; Dopamine D1 and D2 receptors; Serotonin 5-HT2A receptors; IMP; cAMP; ATP; GTP
Source:University of Belgrade, Faculty of Belgrade, 2007
- Ova doktorska disertacija је urаđеnа u okviru projekta "Uticaj magnetnih polja kao ekofiziološkog faktora па različite blološke sisteme i moguća primeпa u biomedicini", fiпansiraпom od straпe Miпistarstva za nаuku i zaštitu životne srediпe Republike Srbije.