Terpenes as Useful Markers in Differentiation of Natural Populations of Relict Pines Pinus heldreichii , P . nigra , and P . peuce
Mitić, Zorica S.
Nikolić, Biljana M.
Ristić, Mihailo S.
Tešević, Vele V.
Marin, Petar D.
Article (Accepted Version)
© 2017 Wiley-VHCA AG, Zurich, Switzerland
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Comparative analysis of terpene diversity and differentiation of relict pines Pinus heldreichii, P. nigra, and P. peuce from the central Balkans was performed at the population level. Multivariate statistical analyses showed that the composition of needle terpenes reflects clear divergence among the pine species from different subgenera: P. peuce (subgenus Strobus) vs. P. nigra and P. heldreichii (subgenus Pinus). In addition, despite the described morphological similarities and the fact that P. nigra and P. heldreichii may spontaneously hybridize, our results indicated differentiation of their populations naturally growing in the same area. In accordance with recently proposed concept of 'flavonic evolution' in the genus Pinus, we assumed that the terpene profile of soft pine P. peuce, defined by high amounts of six monoterpenes, is more basal than those of hard pines P. nigra and P. heldreichii, which were characterized by high content levels of mainly sesquiterpenes. In order to establish precise positions of P. heldreichii, P. nigra and P. peuce within the taxonomic and phylogenetic tree, as well as develop suitable conservation strategies and future breeding efforts, it is necessary to perform additional morphological, biochemical, and genetic studies.
Keywords:Pinus heldreichii; Pinus nigra; Pinus peuce; Terpenoids; Molecular diversity
Source:Chemistry and Biodiversity, 2017
- Micromorphological, phytochemical and molecular investigations of plants - systematic, ecological and applicative aspects (RS-173029)