Uloga HMGB1 proteina u modifikaciji i integraciji signalnih puteva apoptoze i autofagije u ćelijama jetre pacova sa indukovanim dijabetesom
The role of HMGB1 protein in the modification and integration of apoptosis and autophagy signaling pathways in liver cells of diabetic rats
Doctoral thesis (Published version)
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Cell death underlies hepatic pathological changes in diabetes. HMGB1 is a protein with important roles in these changes, whether as a necrotic marker or a pathway activator determining cell death or survival. HMGB1 is released into the extracellular space by damaged or necrotic cells and activated immune cells. The role of HMGB1 in determining the profile of cell death in the liver of diabetic rats was studied by examining its role in the modulation of apoptosis and autophagy. The levels of HMGB1 protein in the serum and liver of diabetic rats correlate with the degree of necrosis and liver damage, thus rendering HMGB1 as a potential biological marker of diabetic complications. To activate apoptosis and autophagy, HMGB1 protein acts by stimulating downstream signaling pathways triggered by interactions of extracellular HMGB1 with TLR4 and RAGE receptors, and through the activity of cytoplasmic HMGB1 on the formation of autophagosomes via interaction with Beclin1, which has a central role in autophagy. Extracellular expression of HMGB1 and its contribution to the cell death profile in the liver depends on the level of oxidative stress. In oxidative stress accompanying untreated diabetes, HMGB1 promotes apoptosis and resulting liver damage. The reduction of oxidative stress by melatonin and HMGB1 release by ethyl pyruvate stimulates the cytoprotective role of cytosolic HMGB1 in autophagy activation These results points to the therapeutic significance of melatonin and ethyl pyruvate in the regulation of HMGB1 activity in diabetes, and the role of HMGB1 in the regulation and interplay between apoptosis and autophagy.
Keywords:HMGB1 protein; Diabetes; Liver; Oxidative stress; Apoptosis; Autophagy; Necrosis
Source:University of Belgrade, Faculty of Biology, 2017, 1-161
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