Advancement in protocol for in vitro seed germination, plant regeneration and cryopreservation of Viola cornuta.
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© 2019, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology
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The aim of this study was to develop a fast, reliable and true-to-type protocol for in vitro plant regeneration and long-term storage of horned pansy (Viola cornuta L). Seed germination over 60% was recorded after 12 weeks of growth at 10 °C or 4 °C. Calli formation and shoot induction were obtained in petiole and hypocotyl culture on half-strength MS mineral salts with full concentration of Na-FeEDTA and vitamins (½MS medium) with 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D, 0.1 mg/L) and 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP, 2.0 mg/L) and leaf culture on ½MS medium with thidiazuron (TDZ,1.0 mg/L). The highest frequency of adventitious shoot induction (50%) with six shoots/explant was achieved in hypocotyl culture from top hypocotyl segments, close to epicotyl which was grown 8 weeks at 16 h light/8 h dark photoperiod. Subsequent shoot multiplication was achieved on ½MS medium with α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA, 0.1 or 0.5 mg/L) and BAP (1.0 mg/L). Rooting of shoots was obtained on ½MS medium with low concentration (0.1 mg/L) of auxins: indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) or NAA, or without growth regulators. In vitro-derived plantlets were acclimatized under greenhouse conditions. All plants developed normally, bloomed and set seeds. Shoot tips were cryopreserved succssefully using modified plant vitrification 3 (PVS3-based vitrification procedure). Cold acclimation for 2 weeks significantly improved shoot regrowth (64%) after thawing in comparison to non-acclimated shoots (39%). Clonal fidelity of regenerated plantlets at ploidy level was confirmed by chromosome counting. The presented protocol can be useful for mass propagation, genetic transformation studies and long-term storage of valuable Viola spp.
Keywords:Cryopreservation; Horned pansy; Hypocotyl culture; Micropropagation; Seed germination
Source:3 Biotech, 2019, 9, 1, 17-
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