Parameters of oxidative stress, cholinesterase activity, Cd bioaccumulation in the brain and midgut of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) caterpillars from unpolluted and polluted forests.
Authors:Perić Mataruga, Vesna
Article (Published version)
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
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Cadmium (Cd) can display a variety of different effects on living organisms. The objectives of the present study were to investigate Cd bioaccumulation and differences in parameters of oxidative stress (activities of the enzymes: superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione reductase, ascorbate peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase, and amounts of non-enzymatic free sulfhydryl groups and total glutathione) and cholinesterase activity in larval brain and midgut tissues of the polyphagous forest insect Lymantria dispar collected from unpolluted and polluted oak forests. Fourth instar L. dispar caterpillars from the unpolluted forest had higher body mass but accumulated more Cd in comparison to caterpillars from the polluted forest. In both populations the midgut was more sensitive than the brain to the prooxidative effects of Cd. Enzyme activities and amounts of non-enzymatic parameters tended to be greater in midgut tissues than in the brain, except for cholinesterase activity. Parameters of oxidative stress had higher values in caterpillar tissues from the polluted than from the unpolluted oak forest. The observed differences between the two natural populations point to the importance of knowing the history of population exposure to environmental pollution when monitoring forest ecosystems.
Keywords:Antioxidative enzymes; Bioaccumulation factor; Glutathione; Lymantria dispar; Mass; Sulfhydryl groups
Source:Chemosphere, 2019, 218, 416-424
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