Treatment of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats with Castanea sativa and Lactarius deterrimus extracts decreases liver damage by initiating activation of the Akt prosurvival kinase
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Diabetes is the most important non-infectious disease affecting 5% of the general population. Different plant and mushroom extracts with hypoglycemic and antioxidant properties have been used traditionally as antidiabetic herbal medicines. The aim of this study was to study the in vivo effect of extracts obtained from the edible mushroom, Lactarius deterrimus (Ld), and chestnut, Castanea sativa (Cs), on the alleviation of liver damage in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. The extracts were applied, either alone or in combination, for four weeks, starting from the last day of STZ administration. Diabetic rats treated with the extracts exhibited reduced hyperglycemia and lower hepatic oxidative stress. Extract treatment decreased the level of O-linkage of N-acetylglucosamine modified superoxide dismutase, catalase and NF-κB. Masson trichrome staining showed a decrease in collagen fiber deposition in the liver. Immunoblot analysis revealed the activation of the prosurvival Akt kinase after extract application. The obtained results revealed that the hyperglycemia-reducing and antioxidant effects of the Ld and Cs extracts suppressed cytotoxic signaling pathways, attenuating the negative effects of diabetes on the liver. The examined extracts are beneficial in the prevention of liver damage and could be considered for prediabetes and diabetes management after a definitive phytochemical description of extract constituents and subsequent evaluation in preclinical and clinical studies.
Keywords:Castanea sativa; Lactarius deterrimus; Antioxidants; Diabetes; Hepatoprotection
Source:Archives of Biological Sciences, 2020, 72, 2, 233-242
- Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200007 (University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research 'Siniša Stanković') (RS-200007)