Bioactive properties of Sanguisorba minor L. cultivated in central Greece under different fertilization regimes.
Authors:Finimundy, Tiane C.
Petropoulos, Spyridon A.
Ferreira, Isabel C F R
Article (Published version)
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
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In this study, the chemical characterization and bioactive properties of S. minor cultivated under different fertilization rates (control, half rate and full rate) were evaluated. Twenty-two phenolic compounds were identified, including five phenolic acids, seven flavonoids and ten tannins. Hydrolysable tannins were prevalent, namely Sanguiin H-10, especially in leaves without fertilization (control). Roots of full-rate fertilizer (660 Kg/ha) presented the highest flavonoid content, mainly catechin and its isomers, whereas half-rate fertilizer (330 Kg/ha), presented the highest content of total phenolic compounds, due to the higher amount of ellagitannins (lambertianin C: 84 ± 1 mg/g of dry extract). Antimicrobial activities were also promising, especially against Salmonella typhimurium (MBC = 0.44 mg/mL). Moreover, root samples revealed activity against all tested cell lines regardless of fertilization rate, whereas leaves were effective only against HeLa cell line. In conclusion, S. minor could be a source of natural bioactive compounds, while fertilization could increase phenolic compounds content.
Keywords:Antimicrobial activities; Ellagitannins; Fertilization; Flavonoids; Phenolic acids; Sanguisorba minor L.; Small burnet; Tannins
Source:Food Chemistry, 2020, 327, 127043-