Diversity of simultaneous sleep in the motor cortex and hippocampus in rats.
Article (Published version)
© 2020 European Sleep Research Society
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We investigated the homogeneity/heterogeneity of spontaneous sleep, simultaneously recorded in the motor cortex and the hippocampus of control rats, and particularly analysed simultaneous and non-simultaneous motor cortical and hippocampal non-rapid eye movement (NREM)/rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. We demonstrate that the sleep architectures of the motor cortex and hippocampus are different in control rats. There was an increase of NREM duration and a decrease of REM duration in the hippocampus versus the motor cortex. In terms of duration, NREM state is the most heterogeneous in the hippocampus, whereas the REM state is the most heterogeneous in the motor cortex. Whereas the hippocampal NREM duration was increased due to the prolongation of NREM episodes, the hippocampal REM duration decreased due to the decreased number of REM episodes. The heterogeneity of sleep in the motor cortex and hippocampus in control rats was particularly expressed through the inverse alteration of sigma amplitude during NREM sleep and beta/gamma amplitudes during REM sleep in the hippocampus, along with the delta, sigma, beta and gamma amplitudes only during non-simultaneous NREM/REM sleep in the hippocampus. We demonstrated the brain structure-related and NREM/REM state-related heterogeneity of the motor cortical and hippocampal local sleep in control rats. The distinctly altered local NREM/REM states, alongside their episode dynamics and electroencephalographic (EEG) microstructures, suggest the importance of both the local neuronal network substrate and the NREM/REM neurochemical substrate in the control mechanisms of sleep.
Keywords:EEG microstructure; NREM/REM stage dynamics; Local NREM/REM episode dynamics; Local sleep; Rat; Simultaneous sleep
Source:Journal of Sleep Research, 2020, e13090-
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