Gentiana clusii Perr.&Song.: Enhanced production of secondary metabolites by in vitro propagation.
Authors:Krstić Milošević, Dijana
Article (Published version)
© 2020 Elsevier Masson SAS
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Shoot and root in vitro culture of endemic European species Gentiana clusii was established for the first time. The effects of different concentrations of benzyl adenine (BA), 6-phurphurylaminopurine (KIN), indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) and naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) on shoot propagation and rooting of G. clusii were investigated. The optimal in vitro conditions for shoot propagation and long-term maintenance were achieved using woody plant medium (WPM) supplemented with 0.5 mg l-1 KIN, and subsequent application of IBA at 0.5 mg l-1 significantly improved rooting of these shoots. Root culture was established from excised root tips cultured in ½ MS liquid media with increasing concentrations of IBA (0.1-1.0 mg l-1). A high root growth rate and considerable biomass yield were obtained by addition of 1.0 mg l-1 IBA. HPLC analysis revealed that in vitro culture considerably promoted the production of secondary metabolites in G. clusii. The selected protocol for shoot propagation (WPM + 0.5 mg l-1 KIN) increased the content of sweroside, gentiopicrin and norswertianin-1-O-primeveroside (N-1-P) for more than 2-fold compared with the wild plants. IBA promoted N-1-P and norswertianin production in root cultures; their contents were enhanced 6.4- and 18.6-fold, respectively, compared with the wild plants. The extract of these roots displayed the highest antioxidant capacity (IC50 = 66.57 μg ml-1). The established shoot and root propagation protocols facilitate in vitro conservation of G. clusii, and provides a promising tool for the large scale production of valuable secoiridoids and xanthones.
Keywords:Antioxidant activity; HPLC analysis; Plant growth regulators; Secoiridoids; Xanthones
Source:Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 2020, 154, 735-744
- Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Republic of Serbia, Grant no. 451-03-68/2020-14/200007 (University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research 'Siniša Stanković') (RS-200007)