Uvod u međusobnu zavisnost ćelijskog redoks potencijala glutationa i termodinamike tokom ubrzanog starenja semena kukuruza
Introduction of the interdependence between the glutathione half-cell reduction potential and thermodynamic parameters during accelerated aging of maize seeds
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Two maize hybrids with a different ability to maintain seed germination were examined during the course of accelerated aging (AA). Initially, the similar seed reduction potential of the GSSG/2GSH half-cell increased in H1 (dent hybrid) without influencing the seed germination ability up to the 6th day of AA, while in H2 (sweet corn hybrid), it was not changed up to the 6th day of AA but with a significant later loss of seed germination ability. During the AA course, the amount of free thiol decreased in H1 and increased in H2. Irrespective of the continual increase of the differential Gibbs energy during AA, the characteristics of the examined hybrids are possibly connected to the different metabolic pathways of the seeds: H1 is characterized by higher entropy and positive enthalpy values, while H2 had negative entropy values and a decreasing trend of enthalpy, indicating a shift of the system from a relatively ordered to a disordered state. The different types of nanomolecular switches, resulting in a faster decrease of GSH in the H2 than in the H1 hybrids, indicate that a combination of the GSSG/2GSH half-cell potential and thermodynamics could be a useful tool to quantify plant stress.
Keywords:aging; glutathione; maize seeds; free thiols; seed germination ability; thermodynamics
Source:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2010, 75, 3, 323-331